In light of the great interest in the 2016 BC Endangered Rivers List, and with the next provincial election on the horizon, a group of BC’s largest conservation and recreation groups have come together to ask all provincial political parties to develop policies and positions relating to rivers as part of their election platform. Among those leading the campaign are the 100,000 member Outdoor Recreation Council and the 50,000 member BC Wildlife Federation, along with other key groups with significant public outreach, such as the Watershed Watch Salmon Society, West Coast Environmental Law, BC Nature, Georgia Strait Alliance and the BC Federation of Drift Fishers. Still other organizations, such as the David Suzuki Foundation, have voiced their support for this initiative. These groups aim to generate a greater public awareness of the importance of these issues and persuade all political parties to take positions on these matters.
“Promoting and generating such discussion is timely in that many British Columbians view the proper care of rivers, and our water resources in general, to be as among our most pressing environmental issues,” said Mark Angelo, Outdoor Recreation Council Rivers Chair. “We believe there is great public support for a multi-faceted approach aimed at addressing a host of important issues pertaining to rivers and water,” he added.
Among key elements that should be included in river-related policies are the following;
- The establishment of a significant funding program aimed at supporting key river restoration and management projects. Among a sampling of the many project deserving of funding range from the Cowichan River (where the Province should play a leadership role in bringing partners together to raise the weir at the river’s top end so as to improve summer flows and lessen water temperatures) – to the Seymour River (the Province must be a major partner in resolving damage caused by the rock slide) – to the Heart of the Fraser (establishing a process that would aim to develop a collaborative management plan for the incredibly productive Hope to Mission stretch of the river).
- A portion of the budget referred to in #1 should include a funding pool that non-government groups, such as local stream-keepers and river guardians, could apply for to help fund their river and stream restoration efforts. The administration of this fund should include collaboration with other water funders.
- A heritage river component that would re-invigorate the BC Heritage Rivers Program. This program, which has languished since 2001, helped to provide a greater focus and profile for key rivers and had benefits from a planning and public awareness perspective in its early years. New rivers should also be added to the system.
- Ensure the actual on-ground implementation of the Water Sustainability Act so that truly appropriate flow regimes do, in fact, exist on rivers and streams that have regularly suffered from excessive water extraction at the expense of fish. Appropriate, biologically defensible objectives for flow and water quality should be legally enforceable. Monitoring, compliance and enforcement are key. There are many such examples that have been profiled in the endangered rivers list over the years.
- Advocate for the development of water-use plans on rivers with dams outside the BC Hydro umbrella. While BC Hydro has developed such plans for many of its impoundments, other dam operators have not (e.g. for Metro Vancouver dams on the Seymour and Capilano Rivers, a flow agreement was reached by stakeholders relating to improved water releases that would be beneficial to fish but there has been no actual implementation). Water use plans can help ensure that water releases from dams take place in a more fish-friendly manner.
- For the Fraser River estuary, the Province should be an advocate of the need for a new coordinating multi-agency group that would better assess cumulative impacts stemming from the many large projects now underway (such as the Richmond Delta bridge, Roberts Bank terminal 2, jet fuel transport, etc.) and initiate a much needed process to develop an environmental sustainability plan for the estuary area. From a jurisdictional perspective, this requires working with other parties and jurisdictions but the Province could wield substantial influence. In a broader vein, BC could potentially become a leader in developing methodologies by which to assess cumulative impacts and carrying capacity in areas such as the Fraser estuary where there are multiple and competing usage demands.
- Develop a plan to revitalize the provincial government’s ability to properly monitor and protect the environment and fresh water resources.
- Ensure climate change is adequately considered in all future decisions that relate to river management, water extraction, diversions, water licensing, etc. A cumulative effects management framework for watersheds and landscapes is required that includes climate change and which was recommended by the Auditor General.
- Based on recent successes in Britannia Creek, the Province should explore further dam decommissioning possibilities elsewhere in the Province for older dams that have outlived their usefulness. In 2015, the Province spearheaded the successful decommissioning of 3 older dams that were no longer in operation on Britannia Creek. This initiative was first advocated by BCIT and the Outdoor Recreation Council back in 2001 and the removal of these structures has had significant benefits from an environmental and public safety perspective, while helping to restore the creek’s aquatic ecosystem.
- There is a need for a more precautionary approach to the way proposed, potentially polluting developments in sensitive areas are assessed. In light of recent ill-conceived proposals, such as the Aevitis hazardous materials plant beside the Fraser River, and contaminated soil dump proposals near the Chehalis River and Shawinigan Creek, there is a need for the development of specific criteria that any project proposed in sensitive areas would have to meet up-front. Failure to do so would effectively block the proposal at a much earlier stage and save a vast amount of time and effort by locals and conservation groups in opposing projects that should never have gotten off the ground in the first place.
The above list is not necessarily meant to be all inclusive. However, our groups believe that the components listed above would formulate a sound basis for river-related policies that should be embraced by all of BC’s political parties.
Outdoor Recreation Council of BC (contact Mark Angelo)
BC Wildlife Federation (contact Al Martin)
BC Federation of Drift Fishers (contact Rod Clapton)
Watershed Watch Salmon Society (contact Aaron Hill)
West Coast Environmental Law (contact Linda Nowlan)
BC Nature (contact Allan Burger)
Rivershed Society of BC (contact Fin Donnelly)
Raincoast Conservation Foundation (contact Dave Scott)
Georgia Strait Alliance (contact Christianne Wilhelmson